“Gary just wanted to start being a news reporter,” Funk said.
Webb was ready to be in the field for real. So, in 1978, just shy of earning his bachelor’s degree, Webb stepped into the offices at the Kentucky Post. He was young and experiencing what was quite possibly the only case of slight nervousness any of his friends would ever see from him.
All he had in his hands was large folder of clips of his work, most of which were music reviews. Compared to other reporters it didn’t look as though Webb was qualified, but it seemed Vance Trimble, the Kentucky Post editor at the time, saw a bright young man. Trimble took a gamble, placing Webb on a few week trial period.
That gamble would pay off. The saga of Webb’s professional years would begin inside the humble walls of the Kentucky Post.
“He automatically struck me as a personable, friendly, just smart guy,” Tom Loftus, a former Kentucky Post staffer and friend of Webb’s, said.
Loftus, now the bureau chief of the Louisville Courier Journal, along with Bill Straub would become incredibly close with Webb during his tenure at the Post.
“As a person he was a lot of fun, we used to go to movies and just hang out and I feel like a lot of people don’t remember that aspect of him,” Straub said. “He was incredibly confident and brash, but he was always a good guy to hang around.”
While they were close friends they were also strong colleagues. Straub especially would work with Webb on numerous stories and in their work together he got to witness firsthand how Webb worked as a journalist.
“He was very aggressive. He was like a bulldog on your ankle once he started on something he wouldn’t quit,” Straub said.
Loftus saw that same relentless journalist in his days working with Webb.
“[He was] very smart and very aggressive in his pursuit of news and he was very good at it,” Loftus said. “He had the unique ability to find the news fast and understand it completely.”
Both Straub and Loftus would marvel at Webb’s ability to comb through pages and pages of records and be able to understand and interpret every bit he read.
“He was the kind of person that was never satisfied of an answer unless he knew how that answer came to be,” Dennis Repenning, a neighbor and friend of Webb’s, said.
Repenning got to know Webb and his wife at the time Sue Bell-Stokes in Covington where they both lived. According to Repenning, the 20-block radius of homes had a “rather extraordinary gathering of people.” There were lawyers, writers, reporters and judges and they would all gather together to discuss everything.
Outside of his work his wife, who knew him best, didn’t just see the hardworker, she saw a lot more.
“He was a really intelligent guy. He was a great father… He was funny, he had a good sense of humor,” Bell-Stokes said. “He was an interesting guy.”
Boehne, who worked at the Enquirer and would join the Post a year after Webb left, remembers the stories he’d hear of the fellow local
“He was a wonderfully typical reporter complaining about how the editors were holding him back,” Boehne, now the Board Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer at E.W. Scripps, said. “And now I know some of those editors and they work for us at Scripps and I get to hear the other side and how much of a difficult reporter he could be.”
From Com-Air plane crashes to coroner races, Webb’s work at the Kentucky Post would pave the way to Webb earning a job at The Cleveland Plain Dealer. At the Plain Dealer, Webb would do what Loftus considered his finest work.
“A strong point to make about Gary is that he never had a fancy fellowship or internship,” Loftus said. “He started at the Post which was pretty low on the ladder and he climbed that ladder because he was so good at getting the story.”
Straub and Loftus would remain in contact with Webb after he left the Post, going on multiple family vacations where they fondly remember Webb’s love of body surfing and the experiencing the best vacations of their lives. Bell-Stokes remembers those trips and the good friends they made while he was at the Post. However, once Webb and his family moved to California they would mostly remain in contact via email.
Loftus would ask Webb for his journalistic advice from time to time and catch up, he’d even make one trip to Sacramento to see him. Beyond email, Straub would once encounter Webb during a book tour, passing through D.C.
“He was a great journalist and a great guy at the same time,” Straub said.
With his humble Kentucky Post beginnings and his stellar work at The Cleveland Plain Dealer behind him, Webb would begin working at the San Jose Mercury, where his career would be forever changed.
In July, 1995, while working at the San Jose Mercury, Webb received a voicemail from a woman named Coral Baca. She simply said she had a story for him, he could have ignored it because of the lack of information she provided.
Jeremy Renner in ‘Kill the Messenger.’
However, it wasn’t in Webb’s nature to ignore, he made a call to Baca, met with her to discuss her drug dealer boyfriend and so began the year long journey to write the story that would both make his career and inevitably break it.
“He would find stuff that other reporters would have a hard time finding,” Bell-Stokes said. “He was very tenacious at his work. When he found a story he was passionate and really threw himself into it.”
Gary would comb through hundreds of records and meet with dozens of sources before releasing the “Dark Alliance” series. The three-part story investigated the roots of the crack cocaine epidemic in the U.S. It would show how the crack market spread from Central America to the western world, revealing that the CIA aided the Nicaraguan Contras in introducing the drug to the West.
“I feel like that story fueled his passion he believed there was wrong-doing he needed to shine a light on it,” Funk said. “If I were someone who was doing something wrong I wouldn’t want Gary on my tail.”
On August 18, 1996 part one was released both in print and online. The online aspect would be attributed to a large part of why the story blew up the way it did; it would be one of the first stories to be released in the digital form.
“It didn’t surprise me that Gary would produce something like that, it was the kind of splash he wanted to make,” Loftus said.
Boehne wasn’t surprised either.
“It wasn’t a surprise, if someone was going to break a story like that it was Gary Webb,” Boehne said.
Boehne also recalls the dreams they had in college about breaking big scandals like Woodward and Bernstein did with Watergate.
“In the wake of Watergate, we all thought we were going to break that big secret the president had or something like that and as it turns out that’s actually what Gary did,” Boehne said.
The story was met with acclaim and then criticism came quickly. Major publications like The Los Angeles Times and The New York Times would accuse Webb of having multiple inaccuracies and sources that lacked credibility.
“[A former student doing something like] That comes with a sense of pride and satisfaction, but also a little bit of head shaking because of all the circumstances and the questions about the validity of some of the story,” Turney said.
Jeremy Renner and Michael Sheen in ‘Kill the Messenger.’
Webb’s story would eventually receive so much heat that his own publication would stop backing him. He was relocated to a smaller bureau, essentially starting from the bottom again. Then Jerry Ceppos, Webb’s executive editor at The San Jose Mercury, would announce he was writing a mea culpa that would admit to faults in Webb’s story. In December, 1997 Webb would leave the Mercury.
“I was very proud of him, he was doing what I know he wanted to do,” Straub said. “Some people get into journalism just because they like to write but Gary wanted to leave a mark and do something good”
Though the criticism was heavy, Webb would always stand behind his own story.
“The most important thing with that story [“Dark Alliance”] was his courage. He very easily could have decided to bail at any time, but he never did,” Repenning said.
In 1998 the CIA would release a 400-page report that would prove a number of Webb’s findings to be true. However, the report would be largely ignored due to media being consumed with the President Clinton, Monica Lewinsky scandal.
Webb would never work regularly in journalism again.
After Webb’s death in 2004, Nick Shou would pen the novel ‘Kill the Messenger’ chronicling Webb’s life and the story that would end his career. In the book, released in 2006, Shou would use first hand accounts from Webb’s family, former colleagues, critics and supporters.
Shou knew Webb and before even beginning he went to Bell-Stokes asking for her permission to write her former husband’s story. She trusted in Shou, knowing that he knew the “Dark Alliance” story, and she knew how fond of Shou Gary was.
Photo provided by Sue Bell-Stokes.
“I knew Gary would be honored to have Nick write it,” Bell-Stokes said.
The book would also include first-hand accounts from Webb himself taken from his book “Dark Alliance” which included the three-part series as well as Webb’s account of the process that occurred while he worked on the series of stories.
Bell-Stokes found talking about the events difficult, especially so soon after Webb’s death, but knew it was important to tell the story.
“It was very emotional reading the book, but it also brought some smiles from when we were younger,” Bell-Stokes said.
The book “Kill the Messenger” along with Webb’s book “Dark Alliance” would be the inspiration for the upcoming film.
In 2013 it was announced that a film documenting Webb’s “Dark Alliance” journey would be released starring Jeremy Renner (The Avengers, The Hurt Locker). The movie titled “Kill the Messenger”, sharing the title of Shou’s 2006 book, will be released this month.
“I wasn’t necessarily into news or journalism, but it’s one of the reasons I wanted to take on the role because journalism itself is interesting to me,” Renner, who plays Webb, said.
It’s been a long journey to making the film. Sue Bell-Stokes, Webb’s ex, first met with the screenwriter in 2008. Bell-Stokes would be a consultant throughout the process of the film.
Jeremy Renner at the Kill the Messenger promotional tour in NYC.
“I really like Michael Cuesta [the director], he knows the story really well,” Bell-Stokes said.
Renner, who is also a producer on the film, felt the story was important. He couldn’t believe that the events occurred only 70 miles from where he grew up.
“I investigated more and more and it just became too important,” Renner said. “It’s not a movie that I wanted to do anymore, it’s a movie that I had to do.”
Michael Cuesta, the director of the movie, felt it was a film he had to do as well and, unlike Renner, he remembered seeing Webb on talk shows when the story broke.
“I really resonated with the idea of believing in something so deeply, which he did, he had this amazing belief in truth and justice,” Cuesta said. “And to have that turn on you, to have your own belief turn on you, I’d never seen a story like that.”
Renner not only liked the story, but also the man.
“I liked Gary because he was flawed and he owned his flaws,” Renner said. “To me that’s what makes him a hero.”
For Renner, the family dynamic of the film was very important and playing a man who was real added something to his performance.
“There are limitations to playing a real life guy, but it makes it more important to get it right,” Renner said. “To make it right for Gary, his family and everyone.”
Michael K. Williams (The Wire), who plays drug dealer Ricky Ross, felt the same.
“When I first read the script and then spoke with him [Ricky Ross] I wanted to portray him right,” Williams said. “I didn’t want to portray him as one noted, I mean this is a man who wanted to be a tennis player.”
Williams was granted the opportunity to meet the man he portrays, Renner however will never have that chance. But if he did he’d love to talk to the man Gary Webb, not necessarily the journalist.
“What made him laugh, you know, the simplest little things that had nothing to do with his job or anything. Just very personal things, that’s what I’d ask him,” Renner said.
Though he didn’t get to know every little thing and Cuesta sees Renner and Webb as two very different men, Renner did find himself having commonalities with Webb.
“Yeah I guess, we’re very different but the parallels are the tenacity and perseverance and passion for what we do,” Renner said. “One is very selfless and ones very selfish. Unfortunately, I’m on the selfish side. He’s an amazing human, really smart and I have a lot to learn from him.”
Being based on a true story, Cuesta was posed with the challenge of both telling the story accurately and keeping the story entertaining.
“You know the basics of what Gary was like, he was a dogget, Doberman, pushy reporter and he kind of had a cockiness to him,” Cuesta said.
With the basics in place Cuesta did take some liberties with the story with the permission of Bell-Stokes.
“Things were changed, but heart the of the movie was correct,” Bell-Stokes said.
Bell-Stokes has now seen the film multiple times. The first time it was a viewing of the rough cut and she was left feeling numb. By her second viewing they had put the finishing touches on the film and this time she viewed it with her and Webb’s children. Bell-Stokes said they all loved it there were tears, but we they were all moved by it. The third time was at a friends and family screening which made Bell-Stokes feel happy being surrounded by all those people.
Jeremy Renner, Oliver Platt and Mary Elizabeth Winstead in ‘Kill the Messenger.’
“I felt a strange sense of relief because the kids were happy with it,” Bell-Stokes said. “We all felt content and at peace. I got a sense of closure in seeing it again.”
Cuesta sees the thriller tropes in the story and knows that as viewers watch Webb get deeper into the story they’ll see it become bigger than him and possibly become an unwinnable war.
“Our protagonist does not win in the end, he takes the brunt of everything,” Cuesta said.
Even though Webb didn’t win in the end, Renner sees Webb as a hero that was unafraid to go down roads to tell an important story.
“He was a warrior with his mind,” Renner said.
Kill the Messenger’s NKU Premiere
In 2013, when the film adaptation of Nick Schou’s “Kill the Messenger” was announced, Dennis Repenning, current chair of NKU’s Board of Regents, and Regent Richard Boehne caught wind of the adaptation. Both were personal friends of Webb, and he and Repenning were neighbors.
Their work, and the work of Katie Herschede, executive assistant to President Mearns, and The Owens Group, a local public relations firm, have led to a special screening on Oct. 2 at the AMC Theater at Newport on the Levee.
Director Michael Cuesta, Webb’s former colleague Rich Boehne, Sue Bell-Stokes and NKU President Geoffrey Mearns sit at the NKU premiere panel.
“They’ve [Focus Features] given us two prints of the movie,” Herschede said, “So we’re going to have two theaters that are going simultaneously, so we’ll have the big opportunity for a large group of students to come and see the film.”
According to Herschede, after hearing about the movie, Repenning and Boehne began to write to Focus Features, the film’s production company, in order to explain the connection to NKU and the Northern Kentucky region, to ask permission for the special screening. According to Repenning, out the 11 board members, three knew Webb which is what truly “got the ball rolling” on the screening.
Herschede said that the university didn’t hear anything for several months, while the film was in production. However, Focus Features did end up sending a copy of the letter to The Owens Group.
NKU was contacted by Jessica Johnston, an NKU graduate who works for The Owens Group, saying that they were very interested in setting up the special screening.
Kill the Messenger movie poster.
“According to them [The Owens Group], it’s very unusual that anyone gets to do any kind of special screening like this,” Herschede said.
Michael Cuesta, the director of the film, will be attending screening, and will be holding a discussion afterwards. Sue Bell-Stokes, Webb’s ex-wife who helped as a consultant on the film, will also be attending, according to Herschede.
The film will be in wide release on Oct. 10.
This article is a part of a digital project 🙂
Link to original digital project: http://thenortherner.com/multimedia/kill-the-messenger/